Goalball was invented in 1946 by an Austrian Hanz Lorenzen and a German, Sett Reindle. It is a unique team sport for the visually impaired, played by 2 teams of 3 players. All players are blind-folded to enable blind, visually impaired and sighted athletes to compete together. The game is of 14 minutes duration (playing time) divided into 2 x 7 minute halves. The ball used (which is called a goalball), weighs 1.25 kg and contains noise bells. The object of the game is to roll the ball over the opponent's goal line using a bowling action. Goalball Sports.
Goalball is a team sport designed specifically for blind athletes, originally devised in 1946 by the Austrian Hanz Lorenzen and German Sepp Reindle as a means of assisting the rehabilitation of visually impaired World War II veterans. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: Goalball is a team sport designed specifically for athletes with a vision impairment. Participants compete in teams of three, and try to throw a ball that has bells embedded in it into the opponents' goal. The ball is thrown by hand and never kicked. Using ear-hand coordination, originating as a rehabilitation exercise, the sport has no able-bodied equivalent. Played indoors, usually on a volleyball court, games consist of twelve-minute halves.Teams alternate throwing or rolling the ball from one end of the playing area to the other, and players remain in the area of their own goal in both defence and attack. Players must use the sound of the bell to judge the position and movement of the ball. Eyeshades allow partially sighted players to compete on an equal footing with blind players. Eyepatches may be worn under eyeshades to ensure complete coverage of the eye, and prevent any vision should the eyeshades become dislodged.
- Torball - Torball is a sport for the blind and visually impaired. It is played by two teams on opposite sides of an indoor playing field. Each team consists of 3 players. In the middle part of the field, there are 3 cords stretched across the entire width.
- World Goalball Championships - The IBSA Goalball World Championships is an international goalball tournament held every four years, since 1978, between Paralympic Games goalball tournaments. It is organised by the International Blind Sports Federation Goalball Subcommittee.
- Goalball classification - Goalball classification is the classification system for goalball. Goalball players with a disability are classified into different categories based on their vision based disability type. The classification is handled by the International Blind Sports Association.
- Blind sports
- Paralympic sports
- International Blind Sports Federation www
Association history, Blind Sports Federation, competition results, articles and sports-specific rules and contacts.
- Features USA Goalball www
Features history and background for this Paralympic sport, Goalball, including resources to start playing, start a team, or funding Goalball efforts. Discussion forum, links and contacts are provided. USA Goalball.
- From The Power of Goalball : Other Visions www
From the series TravelVision commentaries. Power of Goalball : Other Visions. Article written by Sue Wiygul Martin. The Power of Goalball : Other Visions.
- Information GoalBall International Fanclub www
Information about the rules, International Fanclub, history and background for this sport, a guide on how to start playing, and discussion forum. GoalBall International Fanclub.
- Team Goalball www
Team sports for the visually impaired played by 2 teams of 3 players each. Goalball. Technical subcommittee. Rules of goalball. Part of IBSA (International Blind Sports Federation) site. Links. Goalball.
- Includes Goalball www
Includes history, Goalball, rules, how to play, results, organizations, links, and news. Goalball.
- Governing Goalball UK www
Governing body for the sport within the United Kingdom. UK. Includes development plan, events calendar, mailing lists, and contacts. Features text only and graphic versions of site. Goalball UK.
- Event British Columbia Blind Sports and Recreation Association www
Event calendar and contact information for this Canadian organization which offers training to visually impaired athletes. British Columbia Blind Sports and Recreation Association.
- L'Association Tournoi invitation de goalball de Montréal www
L'Association sportive des aveugles du Québec présente la manifestation, invitation de goalball de Montréal, historique, horaire des parties. Québec, Canada. Tournoi invitation de goalball de Montréal.
- Information IBSA: Torball www
Information on the sport's history, Torball, rule book, and competitions from the International Blind Sports Federation (IBSA). IBSA: Torball.
- Alexa: Goalball Sports
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Goalball Sports
- DMOZ: Goalball Sports
dmoz.org Directory: Goalball Sports